Lepton and Quark Mixing from Stepwise Breaking of Flavor and CP

Preprint number: CP3-Origins-2018-43 DNRF90
Authors: Claudia Hagedorn (CP3-Origins) and Johannes Konig (CP3-Origins)
External link: arXiv.org

We explain all features of lepton and quark mixing in a scenario with the flavor symmetry Delta (384) and a CP symmetry, where these are broken in several steps. The residual symmetry in the neutrino and up quark sector is a Klein group and CP, while a Z_3 and a Z_{16} symmetry are preserved among charged leptons and down quarks, respectively. If the Klein group in the neutrino sector is further broken down to a single Z_2 symmetry, we obtain predictions for all lepton mixing parameters in terms of one real quantity, whose size is determined by the value of the reactor mixing angle. The Dirac and Majorana phases are fixed, in particular sin delta = -0.936. In the quark sector, we have for the Cabibbo angle theta_C= sin pi/16 = 0.195 after the first step of symmetry breaking. This is brought into full accordance with experimental data with the second step of symmetry breaking, where either the Z_{16} group is broken to a Z_8 symmetry in the down quark sector or the Klein group to one Z_2 symmetry only among up quarks. The other two quark mixing angles are generated in the third and last symmetry breaking step, when the residual symmetries in the up and/or down quark sector are further broken. If this step occurs among both up and down quarks, the amount of CP violation in the quark sector is determined by the lepton sector and explaining the current neutrino oscillation data entails that the Jarlskog invariant J_{CP}^q is in very good agreement with experimental findings.