The Spectrum of Darkonium in the Sun

Preprint number: CP3-Origins-2016-29 DNRF90
Authors: Chris Kouvaris (CP3-Origins), Kasper Langaeble (CP3-Origins), and Niklas Grønlund Nielsen (CP3-Origins)
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Dark matter that gets captured in the Sun may form positronium-like bound states if it self-interacts via light dark photons. In this case, dark matter can either annihilate to dark photons or recombine in bound states which subsequently also decay to dark photons. The fraction of the dark photons that leave the Sun without decaying to Standard Model particles have a characteristic energy spectrum which is a mixture of the direct annihilation process, the decays of ortho- and para- bound states and the recombination process. The ultimate decay of these dark photons to positron-electron pairs (via kinetic mixing) outside the Sun creates a distinct signal that can either identify or set strict constraints on dark photon models.