Underground physics: from neutrinos to dark matter search

Who: Davide Franco (Université Paris Diderot)
When: Monday, March 21, 2016 at 14:15
Where: The CP³ meeting room

Experiments looking for rare events, like weak interactions from cosmic or artificial neutrinos, proton decay, and detection of dark matter candidates, have challenging requirements on the backgrounds, achievable only in shielded underground laboratories. The low background technologies have already reached impressive results, allowing for looking for a few signal events per year in several tonnes of target material. However, future experiments in neutrino and dark matter physics need even higher sensitivities. Their success depends on the capability to increase the target mass and, at the same time, to further reduce the background.
We will review, through the solar and sterile neutrino physics and the direct dark matter search, how the interplay between physics and technology drives the development of rare event experiments.