Quantum Critical Behaviour of Semi-Simple Gauge Theories

Preprint number: CP3-Origins-2015-51 DNRF90 and DIAS-2015-51
Authors: Jacob Kamuk Esbensen (CP3-Origins & DIAS), Thomas A. Ryttov (CP3-Origins & DIAS), and Francesco Sannino (CP3-Origins & DIAS)
External link: arXiv.org

We study the perturbative phase diagram of semi-simple fermionic gauge theories resembling the Standard Model. We investigate an $SU(N)$ gauge theory with $M$ Dirac flavors where we gauge first an $SU(M)_L$ and then an $SU(2)_L subset SU(M)_L$ of the original global symmetry $SU(M)_Ltimes SU(M)_R times U(1) $ of the theory. To avoid gauge anomalies we add lepton-like particles. At the two-loops level an intriguing phase diagram appears.
We uncover phases in which one, two or three fixed points exist and discuss the associated flows of the coupling constants. We discover a phase featuring complete asymptotic freedom and simultaneously an interacting infrared fixed point in both couplings. The analysis further reveals special renormalisation group trajectories along which one coupling displays asymptotic freedom and the other asymptotic safety, while both flowing in the infrared to an interacting fixed point. These are emph{safety free} trajectories. We briefly sketch out possible phenomenological implications, among which an independent way to generate near-conformal dynamics a l’a walking is investigated.