A Lattice Calculation of Parton Distributions

Preprint number: CP3-Origins-2015-13 DNRF90 and DIAS-2015-13
Authors: Constantia Alexandrou (University of Cyprus), Krzysztof Cichy (DESY-Zeuthen), Vincent Drach (CP3-Origins & DIAS), Elena Garcia-Ramos (DESY-Zeuthen), Kyriakos Hadjiyiannakou (University of Cyprus), Karl Jansen (DESY-Zeuthen), Fernanda Steffens (DESY-Zeuthen), and Christian Wiese (DESY-Zeuthen)
External link: arXiv.org

We report on our exploratory study for the direct evaluation of the parton distribution functions from lattice QCD, based on a recently proposed new approach. We present encouraging results using Nf = 2 + 1 + 1 twisted mass fermions with a pion mass of about 370 MeV. The focus of this work is a detailed description of the computation, including the lattice calculation, the matching to an infinite momentum and the nucleon mass correction. In addition, we test the effect of gauge link smearing in the operator to estimate the influence of the Wilson line renormalization, which is yet to be done.