Self-Interacting Dark Matter through the Higgs Portal

Preprint number: CP3-Origins-2014-39 DNRF90 and DIAS-2014-39
Authors: Chris Kouvaris (CP3-Origins & DIAS), Ian M. Shoemaker (CP3-Origins & DIAS), and Kimmo Tuominen (Helsinki Institute of Physics)
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We study self-interacting dark matter coupled to the Standard Model via the Higgs portal. We consider a scenario where dark matter is a thermal relic with strong enough self interactions that can alleviate the problems of collisionless cold dark matter. We study constraints from direct detection searches, the LHC, and Big Bang nucleosynthesis. We show that the tension between these constraints and the need for sufficiently strong self-interactions with light mediators can be alleviated by coupling the mediator to either active or sterile neutrinos. Future direct detection data offers great potential and can be used to find evidence of a light mediator and verify that dark matter scatters via long-range self-interactions.