Annihilating Asymmetric Dark Matter

Preprint number: CP3-Origins-2014-29 DNRF90 and DIAS-2014-29
Authors: Nicole Bell (University of Melbourne), Shunsaku Horiuchi (University of California, Irvine), and Ian M. Shoemaker (CP3-Origins & DIAS)
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The relic abundance of particle and antiparticle dark matter (DM) need not be vastly different in thermal asymmetric dark matter (ADM) models. By considering the effect of a primordial asymmetry on the thermal Boltzmann evolution of coupled DM and anti-DM, we derive the requisite annihilation cross section. This is used in conjunction with CMB and Fermi-LAT gamma-ray data to impose a limit on the number density of anti-DM particles surviving thermal freeze-out. When the extended gamma-ray emission from the Galactic Center is reanalyzed in a thermal ADM framework, we find that annihilation into τ leptons prefer anti-DM number densities 1-4% that of DM while the b-quark channel prefers 50-100%.